1/26/1942 Indian Names in Berks
The Rev. John Heckewelder was a Moravian missionary who spent many years among the Indians of Pennsylvania and Ohio. During the corse of his life among them he learned their language and, in 1822, published his “List of Names” and their meanings. Berks Countians will be interested to clip and file this article for reference because we have selected all of the names which Mr. Heckewelder gave about places in Berks.
Tulpehocken – Tulphocoon – Tulpewihacki – the land abounding with turtles. (One recent writer was misled to state that Tulpehocken meant land of the tulip- ed.)
Cacoosing – Cocoosing – Gokhosing – the resort of owls.
Monocacy – Manakasy – Menagassi – creeks with some large bends.
Manatawny – Menatawny – Menetonik – where we drank (were drunk)
Maxatawny – Machsithanne – the stream on which the bears have a path.
Moselem – Maschilamekhanne – trout creek.
Oley – Olink – Wolink – Olo – Wahlo – a cavern cell, a sink hole, a hole dug to bury things – or a track of land surrounded by hills.
In Lancaster County
Cocalico – Achgookwalico – a stream issuing from a mountain.
Conewago – Guneuagi – a long strip of land.
Other Pennsylvania Names
Pocono – Pokohanne – a stream issuing from a mountain.
Mahantango – where we had much venison.
Tobyhanna – a stream on which shrubbery grows luxuriously.
Catawissa – becoming fat.
Tamaqua – Beaver Creek.
Wapwallopen – where white hemp grows.
Wyoming – extensive level flats.
Shamokin – the place of eels.
Towanda – where we bury the dead.
Wissahickon – catfish creek.
Skippack – stagnant water.